The Sahelian countries (from Senegal to Ethiopia) face multiple challenges related to armed conflicts, poverty, food and nutrition, migration and climate change. These challenges are, to various degrees, connected. A report from the Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel stated that 13.8 million people in the Sahel and West Africa were in need of urgent action to address food insecurity during June–August 2017. All of these factors combined mean that the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals is fraught with a particularly high degree of uncertainty in the Sahelian countries. This seminar will discuss Norwegian engagement in the Sahel and how challenges in addressing food insecurity can be met. Norwegian engagement in the Sahel is not new. The Sahel-Sudan–Ethiopia (SSE) program was initiated in 1985 as a response to the extreme droughts in the 1980s. This program provided development assistance through the multilateral system and through NGOs. The SSE program was brought to an end in 1995, but Norwegian assistance to the Sahelian countries continued through multilateral, bilateral and NGO programs. How the unresolved challenges of conflict, food security, climate change, migration and humanitarian crisis may be addressed in the future are themes to be discussed at this event.